Grammer

仮定法過去を使ってみよう

The Subjunctive Past Mood.
仮定法過去を使って講師と会話してみましょう。
仮定法で過去形を使うことによって、実際と違うと思っていることを表せます。 仮定法では動詞の形が、そのまま表現したい時を表す訳ではないことに注意しましょう。 仮定法では主語の数や人称に関係なく、be動詞にwereを使うことができます。 ※話し言葉では、主語がIやhe,sheなどの時はwasを使うのが普通です。 また、if以外にも仮定法で表現できる単語はあります。 「wish」は「〜だったらいいのにな」という表現で、wantやhopeよりやや現実離れした願いを表す時に最適な動詞です。 【回答例】 If she were okay, I would ask her out. もし彼女がOKだったら、デートに誘うのになあ I wish I had a girlfriend. もし彼女がいたらなあ
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Please use a subjunctive past mood.
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このレッスンを始める
Writingレッスンの例
Best Teacherで実際に行われている直近のWritingレッスンです。
作成したスクリプトは講師により添削されます。
Please use a subjunctive past mood.

If he were here, I would be very happy.

自然な表現

If he were here, I'd be very happy.

1. you can also use contracted forms to express a desire
Where would you go if you two were together now? What would you do? Would you go out for a walk maybe or stay at home?

I wish I could go to mountain. We could go out freely if we did not face pandemic.

自然な表現

I wish I could go to the mountain. We could go out freely if there wasn't for the pandemic.

1. add 'the' to refer to that specific mountain
2. it is more natural to say 'if there wasn't for the pandemic'
Yeah, these last few months have been really hard... I wish I could spend my summer holiday at the seaside. What else would you do if there wasn't this quarantine?

I wish I went to tropical island to enjoy swimming with my family.

自然な表現

I wish I went to a tropical island to enjoy swimming with my family.

1. add 'a' to refer to one such island mentioned for the first time
  • had~(~を持っていたら)
  • if~(もし〜なら)
  • ~could(~できるのに)
  • dyed(染めていたら)
  • ~might(~するかもしれないのに)
  • We could play tennis if it were not raining.(もし雨が降っていなければ、テニスができるのに。)
  • If he had time, he might come to see us.(もし彼に時間があれば、私たちに会いに来るかもしれなかった。)
  • If I had enough time, would go watch a movie.(もし十分な時間があれば、映画を観に行くのに。)
  • If he were ready, we would go.( 彼の準備ができていれば、出かけるのに。)
  • If I had enough money, I would travel around the world.(もし十分なお金があれば、世界中を旅するのに。)

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