Grammer

過去完了進行形を使ってみよう

The Past Perfect Continuous Tense
過去完了進行形を使って講師と会話してみましょう。
過去完了進行形はある過去の時点まで、動作が継続していた時に使える表現です。基本的に「had been 〜ing」で表せます。例えば、 I had been studying for five hours when I finished my homework. ー宿題を終えた時には、5時間も勉強しっぱなしだった。 他にも継続していた行動の余韻にひたっているときにも使えます。 I was impressed because I had been watching the great movie. ー素晴らしい映画を見ていたので、感動したよ。
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Please use the past perfect continuous tense.
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Writingレッスンの例
Best Teacherで実際に行われている直近のWritingレッスンです。
作成したスクリプトは講師により添削されます。
Please use the past perfect continuous tense.

Here are some examples:
- My father was so tired because he had been working for eight hours.
- And also, my brother told me he had been sick for three days when I talked with him yesterday.
- I had been trying to change the negative atmosphere being gloomy and depressed in my house, but it didn't work well enough.

自然な表現

Here are some examples:
- My father was so tired because he had been working for eight hours.
- Also, my brother told me he had been sick for three days when I talked with him yesterday.
- I had been trying to change the negative atmosphere being gloomy and depressed in my house, but it didn't work well enough.

1. You shouldn't start a new sentence using a conjunction, instead, you should use an adverb.
Very well, then. Those are some pretty good examples. Could you write down a couple of sentences that are true for you?

Here are some examples:
- Before I took the last TOEFL test, I had been checking the word list until the last minute.
- When I faced the sudden heavy rain last week, I had been playing soccer on the outdoor sports ground.
- Before I hung up with my friend last Sunday, I had been studying English for two hours.

自然な表現

Here are some examples:
- Before I took the last TOEFL test, I had been checking the word list until the last minute.
- When it suddenly started raining heavily last week, I had been playing soccer on the outdoor sports ground.
- Before I hung out with my friend last Sunday, I had been studying English for two hours.

1. This is an alternative phrasing you can use here.
2. This is the correct phrase you are trying to use to refer to spending time relaxing or enjoying.
Again, those are great sentences. You seem to study English a lot, but I understand you're studying for the TOEFL. Before you answered this exercise on the past perfect continuous tense, what had you been doing?

Well, I had been focusing on some skills for the TOEFL. Here are some examples:
- Regarding the speaking section, I had been conducting the intense training for the pronunciation.
- When it comes to the reading section, I had been studying the new vocabularies to read faster than before.
- Concerning the training for the listening section, I had been listening to the news radio by BBC.

自然な表現

Well, I had been focusing on some skills for the TOEFL. Here are some examples:
- Regarding the speaking section, I had been conducting intense training for the pronunciation.
- When it comes to the reading section, I had been studying new words to read faster than before.
- Concerning the training for the listening section, I had been listening to the news radio by BBC.

1. Since this is the first time you are mentioning this training, the definite article before it is unnecessary.
2. This is a better phrasing to use here, using the noun "words", since you are learning words so that your vocabulary gets bigger.
These are nice examples! It seems you have a good grasp of this tense. What were your plans before you decided to study for TOEFL?

I planned that I tried to study for the IELTS when I made up my mind to study abroad. Here are some examples:
- I had been debating whether or not I should take the IELTS before I chose the TOEFL.
- I had been planning to study abroad for MBA course before I started to take the TOEFL.
- I was worried about my risky decision because I had been thinking about if I should quit my current full-time job to study at a foreign university.

自然な表現

I started studying for the IELTS when I made up my mind to study abroad. Here are some examples:
- I had been debating whether or not I should take the IELTS before I chose the TOEFL.
- I had been planning to study abroad for an MBA course before I started taking the TOEFL.
- I was worried about my risky decision because I had been thinking about if I should quit my current full-time job to study at a foreign university.

1. Try to avoid using unnecessary words, since they can make your sentence confusing. This is a more natural way of saying this, the way a native speaker would.
2. The singular noun "course" requires an article before it.
3. You should use the gerund form of the verb here so that it can act as the object.
Those are excellent examples. When making a life-changing decision, you should weigh the pros and cons.

Indeed! By weighing the pros and cons, people can measure the risk of their decision. It would help them think wisely and act decisively.

自然な表現

Indeed! By weighing the pros and cons, people can measure the risk of their decision. Doing this helps them think wisely and act decisively.

1. This is an alternative phrasing you can use here.
  • Had been watching((過去のある時点まで)働き続けていた)
  • had been working((過去のある時点まで)働き続けていた)
  • had been running((過去のある時点まで)走り続けていた)
  • had been waiting((過去のある時点まで)待ち続けていた)
  • had been ~ing((過去のある時点まで)〜していた)
  • My father was so tired because he had been working very hard.(私の父はたいへん懸命に働いたので、とても疲れていた。)
  • She had been waiting for him for a hour when he called her.(彼が彼女に連絡した時、彼女は彼を1時間ずっと待ち続けていた。)
  • I had been cleaning my room for thirty minutes when my mother came home.(母が帰宅した時、私は30分自分の部屋を掃除していた。)
  • We had been playing baseball for two hours before it began to rain.(私たちは雨が降り出すまで2時間野球をしていた。)
  • The students had been studying English for a hour before the chime rang.(生徒達はチャイムが鳴るまで、1時間英語の勉強を続けていた。)

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