Grammer

過去完了形を使ってみよう

The Past Perfect Tense
過去完了形を使って講師と会話してみましょう。
過去完了形は現在完了形を過去に移した状態の表現方法です。 「その時まで」にどういう経緯を経て至ったかを説明するケースで使えます。 逆に言うと、過去のある時点が明らかであり、それ以前を表したい場合のみにしか使えられないのが過去完了形です。 使い方としては、had + 過去分詞で表します。 【回答例】 The baseball game had already begun when I got to the stadium. 野球の試合は、スタジアムに着いた時すでに始まってしまっていた
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Please use the past perfect tense.
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このレッスンを始める
Writingレッスンの例
Best Teacherで実際に行われている直近のWritingレッスンです。
作成したスクリプトは講師により添削されます。
Please use the past perfect tense.

Sure.

When Brian arrived in our house, we had already finished dinner.
Before I met you, I knew that you had got the first prize in that piano contest.

自然な表現

Sure.

When Brian arrived in our house, we had already finished dinner.
Before I met you, I had already known that you had gotten the first prize in that piano contest.

1. Use this tense because you are talking about an action that started in the past that continued up to a specific time in the past
2. This is the past participle of "get"
Thank you so much for making those sentences. Would you like to try making some more sentences using the past perfect tense?

Yes.

Last december, I met him for the first time. Before that, we had never seen each other but we texted each other on Whatsapp.

When I came back to Japan, Covid-19 had already started spreading in Tokyo seriously.

自然な表現

Yes.

Last December, I met him for the first time. Before that, we had never seen each other, but we texted each other on Whatsapp.

When I came back to Japan, Covid-19 had already started spreading in Tokyo seriously.

1. Always capitalize the first letters of months
2. Always use a comma to separate clauses
Would you now like to make a sentence using the past perfect tense along with the word "just"? For example, "She had just left when I arrived". By the way, where did you come back from?

I came back from Benin, West Africa. Before I started working there, I had never been to Africa. I had been dreaming to move there though. I'm wondering this sentence is correct.

Sure. I'll try.
I had just fallen asleep when my father called me.
My neighbor had just put out the fire when the firemen arrived at the site.

自然な表現

I came back from Benin, West Africa. Before I started working there, I had never been to Africa. I had been dreaming to move there though. I'm wondering if this sentence is correct.

Sure. I'll try.
I had just fallen asleep when my father called me.
My neighbor had just put out the fire when the firemen arrived at the site.

1. Use a conditional clause to express uncertainty
I see. Thanks for sharing that with me. Benin ranks among the world's poorest countries, right? What was your job there? Did you enjoy yourself?

Exactly. It is one of the poorest countries. I was in charge of sanitation in the city hall first, and then I worked for an NGO developping garbage collection system. I liked my work very much. I felt as if I was solving a difficult puzzle, because the problem was so big. It was exciting and interesting.

自然な表現

Exactly. It is one of the poorest countries. I was in charge of sanitation in the city hall first, and then I worked for an NGO developing a garbage collection system. I liked my work very much. I felt as if I was solving a difficult puzzle, because the problem was so big. It was exciting and interesting.

1. Spelling
2. "System" is a count noun, so use an article to quantify it
That is very impressive. Your work must be very tough but I am so glad that you enjoyed it. I have immense respect for people who help others. Keep it up!

Thank you very much, but I found that you are modest because you're helping me learn English too!

自然な表現

Thank you very much for your kind words, but I found that you are modest because you're helping me learn English too!

1. This is something you can add to your sentence
  • had been ~((過去のある時点よりも以前に)〜の状態だった)
  • had lost((過去のある時点よりも以前に)〜をなくした)
  • had + 過去分詞((過去のある時点よりも以前に)〜した)
  • had + 過去分詞((過去のある時点まで)ずっと〜であった)
  • had + 過去分詞((過去のある時点で)〜していた)
  • I had never spoken to a foreigner before I went abroad. (海外に行くまで一度も外国人と話したことがなかった。)
  • We had lived Tokyo for three years before we moved to Fukuoka.(私たちは福岡に引っ越す前まで、3年間東京に住んでいた。)
  • I had lost my wallet before I bought a bag.(私はバッグを買うより前に財布を無くした。)
  • When I came home, she had already left the house.(私が家に帰った時、彼女はすでに家を出ていた。)
  • When I met him yesterday, he had been sick for two days.(昨日彼に会った時、彼は2日間体調が悪かった。)

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