Grammer

未来形を使ってみよう

The Future Tense
未来形を使って講師と会話してみましょう。
未来形は文字通り「未来」を表す表現です。 「未来」といってもまだ現実に起こっていない、曖昧な時制なので、様々なスタイルで表すことが可能です。 代表的な例にはwill やbe going to といった表現方法があります。この2例の違いに神経質にならなくても構いませんが、 やはり違う表現の分、ニュアンスも異なります。willには「〜だろう(予測)」と「〜する(意思)」という意味が込められています。 対して、be going toは「するつもりでいた」「このままいけば...」という流れの意味があります。 【回答例】 It will rain tomorrow. 明日きっと雨が降るよ I will help him. 僕は彼を助けるよ It is going to rain tonight. 今夜は(このままいけば)雨が降りそうだ I am going to help him. 僕が彼を助けるよ(その準備もできてる)
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Please use the future tense.
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Writingレッスンの例
Best Teacherで実際に行われている直近のWritingレッスンです。
作成したスクリプトは講師により添削されます。
Please use the future tense.

All right. Recently, I learned how to use the future tense in English.
"I will go to dinner with my friend after work tonight."
According to our teacher, native English-speakers don't really talk like that. She explained three situations where we talk about future events without using the word "will." First, if we're talking about future scheduled events and timetables in the future, we use the present simple like this: "Tomorrow, my meeting starts at two o'clock," "I have to hurry. The store closes in five minutes." Do you agree with her on this mater?

自然な表現

All right. Recently, I learned how to use the future tense in English.
"I will go to dinner with my friend after work tonight."
According to our teacher, native English-speakers don't really talk like that. She explained three situations where we talk about future events without using the word "will." First, if we're talking about future scheduled events and timetables in the future, we use the present simple like this: "Tomorrow, my meeting starts at two o'clock," "I have to hurry. The store closes in five minutes." Do you agree with her on this matter?

1. This is the correct spelling of the word.
I absolutely agree with you. That is a very nice explanation. What else can you tell me about the future tense?

Another situation is when we're talking about our plans and we've already made the arrangements, such as reserving a table at a restaurant, or buying our train tickets. In that situation, she advised us to use the present continuous. For example, "Tomorrow, I'm going to lunch with a friend at twelve o'clock," or "Next month, I'm visiting some friends in Italy." Do you often use this expression in your daily conversation?

自然な表現

Another situation is when we're talking about our plans and we've already made the arrangements, such as reserving a table at a restaurant, or buying our train tickets. In that situation, she advised us to use the present continuous. For example, "Tomorrow, I'm going to lunch with a friend at twelve o'clock," or "Next month, I'm visiting some friends in Italy." How often do you use this phrasing in your daily conversation?

1. This is an alternative phrasing you can use here.
I do not use these expressions so much in my daily conversation but your teacher has got a point. Can you write down more examples?

Certainly. How about this: "Today, I'm borrowing a DVD from the public library in our city because I've already made a booking"? Well then, please allow me to move on to the third situation. When we're talking about plans that we're making or thinking about them, but we haven't made any arrangements yet, we use the form "be + going to + verb." For instance, "At the start of the new year, I'm going to start going to the gym again." She also advised saying "many English-speakers, when they speak, they say 'I'm gonna" instead of 'I'm going to."

自然な表現

Certainly. How about this: "Today, I'm borrowing a DVD from the public library in our city because I've already made a reservation"? Well then, please allow me to move on to the third situation. When we're talking about plans that we're making or thinking about them, but we haven't made any arrangements yet, we use the form "be + going to + verb." For instance, "At the start of the new year, I'm going to start going to the gym again." She also advised saying "many English-speakers, when they speak, they say 'I'm gonna" instead of 'I'm going to."

1. This is a better noun to use in this context.
  • take care of ~(〜の世話をする)
  • be going to ~(〜する予定だ)
  • will ~(〜するつもりだ)
  • join(加わる)
  • buy(買う)
  • Are you going to leave Japan tomorrow?(明日、日本を発つ予定ですか?)
  • Are you going to buy a car sometime soon?(そのうち車を買う予定ですか?)
  • Are you going to join the basketball club?(バスケットボール部に入るつもりですか?)
  • I'm going to take care of my son tomorrow.(明日は息子の世話をする予定なんだ。)
  • I will go to school today.(私は明日学校へ行くつもりです。)

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