Grammer

5W1Hを用いた疑問文を使ってみよう

The 5Ws and 1H
5W1Hを用いた疑問文で始めて講師と会話してみましょう。
尋ねたいことが「人」や「もの」「場所」「時間」など、「はい」又は「いいえ」で答えられない時には疑問詞を使いましょう。 5W1HとはWho(だれ)、What(何)、When(いつ)、Where(どこ)、Why(なぜ)、How(どのように)を指します。 他にもWhose(誰のもの)、Which(どれ)等もあります。 疑問詞を使う場合には語順に注意しましょう。大きく2つの語順が考えられます。 ①主語を疑問詞にするー主語を疑問詞に置き換えます。語順は変わりません。 She loves English. → Who loves English? ②主語以外を疑問詞にするーYes/No疑問文を作り、その先頭に疑問詞を置きます。 She loves English. → What does she love? また、「疑問文」の形を使わなくても、ものを尋ねることは可能です。 You understand what he said? 平叙文でも、文末を上げたイントネーションにすることで、疑問や質問の意図を含むことができます。 【回答例】 Who loves playing tennis? 誰がテニスするのが好き? What do you do in your free time? 暇なときって何してるの?
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Please use an interrogative sentence using the 5W's and 1H.
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Please use an interrogative sentence using the 5W's and 1H.

All right, but before that, please let me tell you a story about the difference between who and whom. Have you ever heard a song that's called "Who Can I Turn To"? The lyrics go on like: "Who can I turn to when nobody needs me..." And what's more, have you heard that some sticklers for grammar claim that the title should be "WHOM Can I Turn To"?

自然な表現

All right, but before that, please let me tell you a story about the difference between who and whom. Have you ever heard a song called "Who can I turn to"? The lyrics go on like: "Who can I turn to when nobody needs me..." And what's more, have you heard that some sticklers for grammar claim that the title should be "To Whom can I turn?''.

1. Alternative. 'That's' isn't needed.
2. Well, they would also say you can not end a sentence in a preposition.
I see what you mean. You have got a point. Can you write down some sentences using the 5W's and 1H, please?

Certainly. Following that example, how about this: "Whom are you talking to?" or should I say "To whom are you talking to?" or "Who are you talking to?"
Getting back to the previous topic, a copy editor says "It would be ridiculous to expect a songwriter to make the lyric Whom Can I turn To. So in songs, or in conversation, if you don't know whether it should be who or whom, err on the side of who. It's better to use who, than it's to be super wrong using whom when it ought to be who." Do you agree?

自然な表現

Certainly. Following that example, how about this: "Whom are you talking to?" or should I say "To whom are you talking to?" or "Who are you talking to?"
Getting back to the previous topic, a copy editor says "It would be ridiculous to expect a songwriter to make the lyric ''To Whom can I turn to?''. So in songs, or in conversation, if you don't know whether it should be who or whom, err on the side of who. It's better to use who, than it's to be super wrong using whom when it ought to be who." Do you agree?

1. If you choose 'whom', you should definitely say 'to whom are you speaking?'. However, in practice, the word “whom” is becoming archaic. Fewer and fewer people use it nowadays. Most people would actually say ''Who are you talking to?" in everyday English.
The lyrics of English songs are not always correct. In fact, many songs have grammatical errors. They think it sounds better if they use the wrong one due to the rhythm and melody of the song.

It might be so. Well, I'm sorry for making only one sentence using "who," but I'm going to close with this question: the copy editor says "Believe it or not that should be Whom Can I Turn To? If you can imagine that song being any worse than it already is." I can't understand what the second sentence means. Could you please elaborate on that?

自然な表現

It might be so. Well, I'm sorry for making only one sentence using "who," but I'm going to close with this question: the copy editor says "Believe it or not that should be ''To whom can I turn?'' If you can imagine that song being any worse than it already is." I can't understand what the second sentence means. Could you please elaborate on that?

1. That second sentence means he believes the song is bad, and the mistake in its title just adds to it.
  • Whose(誰の〜?)
  • How's it going?(調子はどう?)
  • How come ~?(なぜ〜?)
  • How about ~?(〜はどうですか?)
  • What kind of ~ ?(どんな種類の〜?)
  • Whose pen is this?(これは誰のペンですか?)
  • Where does he live?(彼はどこに住んでいるの?)
  • What do you think about it?(それについてどう思う?)
  • When did you wake up this morning?(今朝は何時に起きた?)
  • Why are you interested in it?(なぜそれに興味があるの?)

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